2018-19 First Aid Questions2018-11-15T09:38:28+00:00


b. Triple Zero (000)

a. Maintain body warmth but do not heat;
b. Give them a warm drink;
c. Tell them to go for a walk;
d. Loosen tight clothing.

Signs and Symptoms of Shock – weak, rapid pulse, cold, clammy skin, rapid breathing, faintness, nausea.

a. Ask them to rest and lie down;
b. Give them a drink;
c. Take the person to a local doctor’s clinic;
d. Assist with giving them their reliever and immediately call an ambulance.

a. 1 breath & 5 compressions: rate of 12 cycles per minute;
b. 30 compressions & 2 breaths: rate of 100 compressions per minute;
c. 2 breaths & 15 Compressions: rate of 20 cycles per minute;
d. 30 breaths & 2 compressions: rate of 100 compressions per minute.

a. Apply direct pressure over or close to the wound, elevate and call 000;
b. Clean the wound with antiseptic and bandage the entire limb firmly;
c. Run the area under cool water until the bleeding stops;
d. Apply a tourniquet and call an ambulance.

a. Elevate the leg and apply a hot pack to ease the pain;
b. Tell them to go for a swim;
c. Give the casualty pain relief to ease the pain;
d. Rest and support the limb using soft padding/bandage and apply a cold pack.

a. Applying a clean dressing and ointment to the burn;
b. Remove any clothing that may be stuck to the burn;
c. Applying ice to the area that is burnt;
d. Cool the arm preferably with fresh water.

a. Check if the pupils are constricted;
b. Give them a cold compress and a cold drink;
c. Tell them to go “run it off”;
d. Assist them to lie down, keep head raised and seek medical attention.

a. Check for a response by gently shaking the patient;
b. Place the patient into the recovery position;
c. Continue chest compressions to try to establish a regular heart beat;
d. Stop the chest compressions, but continue with Expired Air Resuscitation.

a. Ring the local doctor then call an ambulance;
b. Tell them to “stretch it out”;
c. Follow DRSABC, including keeping them calm and loosen tight clothing;
d. Ask a friend to drive them to hospital.

a. To check for a pulse;
b. Wrap them in a warm blanket;
c. Check for dangers to yourself and others;
d. Check their airway.

a. Check for a head injury;
b. Commence CPR;
c. Send for help and assess the their airway;
d. Place them in the recovery position.

a. Complete a Vital Signs Survey;
b. Be prepared to commence CPR;
c. Follow the principles of the “DRSABCD”;
d. Place them in the recovery position.

a. Lift them out of the water and placing them in a comfortable position;
b. Get them to swim to the bank to help stretch out the back muscles;
c. Advise them to stay still, send for help and where possible support the person in the water;
d. Assisting them into the boat for a rest.

a. Tilt their head back and pinch their nostrils closed;
b. Look and feel or movement of the upper/lower chest;
c. Listen and feel for escape of air from the nose and/or mouth;
d. Both b and c.

a. Give them some alcohol to warm them up;
b. Ask them to go for a jog to warm up;
c. Move the patient to a warm, dry place;
d. Place them in a sleeping bag, between blankets or in a sleeping bag or wrap them in an emergency blanket.

a. If they have medication, ask if they need assistance administering it;
b. Encourage the person to drink water;
c. Give the person sugar, such as fruit juice or a soft drink (NOT ‘diet’ drinks), jellybeans or glucose tablets;
d. All of the above.