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1. Which is Australia’s primary emergency service number.
b. Triple Zero (000)
2. How should you best help someone suffering from Shock?
a. Maintain body warmth but do not heat;
b. Give them a warm drink;
c. Tell them to go for a walk;
d. Loosen tight clothing.
Signs and Symptoms of Shock – weak, rapid pulse, cold, clammy skin, rapid breathing, faintness, nausea.
3.How would you assist someone, who you know is an asthmatic and is feeling a “bit wheezy”? They have used their reliever a number of times without any relief. Over the next few minutes they have a persistent cough, cannot speak comfortably, are short of breath and have obvious difficulty breathing.
a. Ask them to rest and lie down;
b. Give them a drink;
c. Take the person to a local doctor’s clinic;
d. Assist with giving them their reliever and immediately call an ambulance.
4. An adult patient is unconscious and shows no signs of life. Commence the principles of DRSABCD. The correct action for giving CPR is:
a. 1 breath & 5 compressions: rate of 12 cycles per minute;
b. 30 compressions & 2 breaths: rate of 100 compressions per minute;
c. 2 breaths & 15 Compressions: rate of 20 cycles per minute;
d. 30 breaths & 2 compressions: rate of 100 compressions per minute.
5. Someone cuts their leg on a boat prop and has a deep laceration to their leg, it is bleeding heavily. You would initially:
a. Apply direct pressure over or close to the wound, elevate and call 000;
b. Clean the wound with antiseptic and bandage the entire limb firmly;
c. Run the area under cool water until the bleeding stops;
d. Apply a tourniquet and call an ambulance.
6. A friend has slipped down the bank and possibly sprained their ankle. There is pain and swelling and they are having trouble moving their foot. How can you help?
a. Elevate the leg and apply a hot pack to ease the pain;
b. Tell them to go for a swim;
c. Give the casualty pain relief to ease the pain;
d. Rest and support the limb using soft padding/bandage and apply a cold pack.
7. Your Observer is untangling the ropes and their arm comes into contact with a hot section of the motor. The best initial treatment for a burn would include:
a. Applying a clean dressing and ointment to the burn;
b. Remove any clothing that may be stuck to the burn;
c. Applying ice to the area that is burnt;
d. Cool the arm preferably with fresh water.
8. A skier has hit his head on their ski, they are ok apart from a bump on the head. Upon returning to the bank they appear a bit disorientated. Signs and Symptoms of Concussion may include: loss of consciousness, dazed, drowsy, nausea, vomiting and headache. They may have Concussion, what should you do:
a. Check if the pupils are constricted;
b. Give them a cold compress and a cold drink;
c. Tell them to go “run it off”;
d. Assist them to lie down, keep head raised and seek medical attention.
9. You have followed the principles of DRSABC and whilst you are performing CPR, the patient has regained a weak and irregular pulse and starts breathing. Next you would:
a. Check for a response by gently shaking the patient;
b. Place the patient into the recovery position;
c. Continue chest compressions to try to establish a regular heart beat;
d. Stop the chest compressions, but continue with Expired Air Resuscitation.
10. Your skier returns to the bank looking very unwell and complaining of severe pain in the chest that radiates through their neck and down their left arm. Signs of a Stroke – Facial weakness, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to Act (FAST). Which of the following is the most appropriate action?
a. Ring the local doctor then call an ambulance;
b. Tell them to “stretch it out”;
c. Follow DRSABC, including keeping them calm and loosen tight clothing;
d. Ask a friend to drive them to hospital.
11. Upon arrival at the boat ramp one morning, you find a person lying face down above the water line. Your first priority at the scene would be to:
a. To check for a pulse;
b. Wrap them in a warm blanket;
c. Check for dangers to yourself and others;
d. Check their airway.
12. Your observer has collapsed on the bank in front of you and appears unconscious. After assessing for dangers, and checking for a response, your next action would be to:
a. Check for a head injury;
b. Commence CPR;
c. Send for help and assess the their airway;
d. Place them in the recovery position.
13. A spectator has had a suspected heart attack. An ambulance has been called but whilst waiting the person collapses and becomes unconscious. Signs and Symptoms of heart attack vary and may include: shortness of breath, nausea or chest pain that can start suddenly, or develop over time and get progressively worse. You should immediately:
a. Complete a Vital Signs Survey;
b. Be prepared to commence CPR;
c. Follow the principles of the “DRSABCD”;
d. Place them in the recovery position.
14. A skier has fallen and is floating in the water. They say they are ok except for slight back pain and some tingling sensation in both legs. Signs and Symptoms of Spinal Injury may include: Loss of sensation or tingling in hands or feet, loss of movement or impaired movement below site of injury, pain and tenderness Your actions would include:
a. Lift them out of the water and placing them in a comfortable position;
b. Get them to swim to the bank to help stretch out the back muscles;
c. Advise them to stay still, send for help and where possible support the person in the water;
d. Assisting them into the boat for a rest.
15. After placing someone in the recovery position, to assess their breathing status, you should Look, Listen and Feel for signs of breathing: Where would you check?
a. Tilt their head back and pinch their nostrils closed;
b. Look and feel or movement of the upper/lower chest;
c. Listen and feel for escape of air from the nose and/or mouth;
d. Both b and c.
16. After a racing incident, a competitor has been in the water for some time. They are ok with no obvious injuries however they may be suffering Hypothermia. Signs and Symptoms may include: feeling cold, shivering, clumsiness and slurred speech. DO NOT rub affected areas OR use radiant heat such as fire or electric heaters OR give alcohol. After removing their wet clothes, to warm the patient, you should:
a. Give them some alcohol to warm them up;
b. Ask them to go for a jog to warm up;
c. Move the patient to a warm, dry place;
d. Place them in a sleeping bag, between blankets or in a sleeping bag or wrap them in an emergency blanket.
17. While standing in line waiting for “breatho” one of your team mates complains of feeling dizzy and has a severe headache. You are aware they suffer from Type 2 diabetes. Signs and Symptoms of HIGH BLOOD SUGAR may be: excessive thirst, tiredness, blurred vision, hot, dry skin. Signs and Symptoms of LOW BLOOD SUGAR may be: weakness, shaking, faintness, dizziness, headache, sweating. What can you do?
a. If they have medication, ask if they need assistance administering it;
b. Encourage the person to drink water;
c. Give the person sugar, such as fruit juice or a soft drink (NOT ‘diet’ drinks), jellybeans or glucose tablets;
d. All of the above.
We encourage members to download the free Emergency+ App for Smartphones. The Emergency+ app is a free app developed by Australia's emergency services and their Government and industry partners.
The app uses GPS functionality built into smart phones to help a Triple Zero (000) caller provide critical location details required to mobilise emergency services